Testing the water : How water scarcity could destabilise the Middle East and North Africa

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Un article de Tareq Baconi, publié par le European Council on Foreign Relations, en novembre 2018

The Middle East and North Africa is the most water-scarce region in the world. Nearly two-thirds of the population there are living in areas that lack sufficient renewable water resources to sustain
current levels of activity and growth. When combined with these factors, constrained access to water is set to lead to greater instability in the region. And it is not just a question of geography, but
also of governance and politics too. To resolve it, states in the MENA region must:

  • Pursue an integrated and holistic approach to managing both water demand and supply;
  • Create contingency plans that can meet future challenges;
  • and take into account geographical, economic, and demographic differences when formulating water policies.

This report focuses on the destabilising potential of water scarcity and examines how failure to implement effective policies exacerbates the risk of conflict, with illuminating case studies revealing current trends and different ways in which water can be a source of conflict.